How Do Insurance Companies Make Money

Insurance companies are known based on their business type to assume and alternate risks. The insurance vital model involves the removal of risk from payers and passing it over to a larger portfolio. But with all this, how do insurance companies make money? There are different ways insurance companies make money.

How Do Insurance Companies Make Money

Through the generation of revenue using two different methods (charging premiums in exchange for policy coverage and reinvesting these premiums into other assets), insurance companies can make money. Insurance companies also regularly get paid by their customers for insurance policies that cover home, travel, life, cars, business, and valuables. Let’s read together to discover how insurance companies make money.

4 Ways Insurance Companies Make Money

As stated earlier, there are different ways insurance companies make money. In this section, we will be talking basically about four ways insurance companies make money. The explanation below shows the different ways insurance companies make money.

Pricing and Assuming Risk

This is common with property insurance companies, health insurance companies, and financial generators. The first duty of an insurer is to charge for assumed risk and a premium for it. If, for example, an insurance company offers coverage with a $100,000 conditional payout, they need to check out how likely a forthcoming buyer will trigger the conditional payment and extend the risk depending on the policy’s length.

At this point, underwriting is analytic. Without good underwriting, the insurer may charge the insured more than others for minor assumed risks. This can, however, bring out the least risky customers and cause a rise in rates. If an insurer charges for risks constructively, more income on premiums spent on additional payouts should be earned.

The real product of an insurance company is insurance claims. Anytime a policyholder files a claim, it is a must for the insurance company to process the claim, confirm its accuracy, and make the necessary payments. The process of adjusting a claim is compulsory to bring out fraudulent activities and reduce the risk of loss to the company.

Interest Earnings and Revenue

For example, if an insurance company earns $1 million in premiums for its insurance policies, it can decide to keep the money in cash or place it in a savings account, but unfortunately, these methods are not effective enough. These savings will be exposed to inflation risks.

Instead of considering these, the company can decide to locate a safe place, such as short-term assets, to invest the money in. This creates additional interest income for the insurance company during the wait period for payouts.


Some insurance companies carry out reinsurance to lessen risks. Reinsurance is a type of insurance that insurers purchase to cover themselves from excessive losses caused by high exposure. Reinsurance is an essential part of insurance companies striving to protect themselves and avoid levants due to payouts.

For instance, an insurance company insures too much hurricane insurance depending on models that interpret low chances of hurricane inflation. If the unbelievable happens with the hurricane, substantial losses to the insurer may occur.

Without reinsurance, the insurance company may go out of business each time a natural disaster occurs. However, most insurance companies charge higher insurance rates to policyholders and purchase cheaper reinsuring rates for these policies on a large scale.

Evaluating Insurers

By removing the alternations of the business, reinsurance makes the whole insurance region more appreciative for investors. Some insurance region companies, such as non-financial services, are estimated depending on their profitability, payouts, foreseen growth, and risk. Aside from this, there are other issues particular to the insurance region.

Hence, insurers do not make investments in fixed assets; every detail, including little capital disbursements and little depreciation, is kept on record. Calculating the working capital of the insurer is quite difficult since there are no specific working capital accounts.

Other Ways Insurance Companies Make Money

Reinsurance, interest earnings, and others are known to be the major ways insurance companies make money. Aside from them, there are a few other ways insurance companies make money. Some of these are:

Coverage Lapses

Most times, policyholders do not stay current on their insurance coverages, and this triggers a commercial scenario for insurance companies. Coverage lapse means the expiration of an insurance policy without payment of any claims. When this happens, insurance companies keep all the premiums paid by the policyholder. This means that the insurers get to keep the money to themselves while the policyholder carries all the risks of walking away from an active insurance policy.

Cash value Cancellations

When a policyholder securing whole life insurance coverage finds out they own a large sum of money through cash values that are generated through investments and dividends from the insurer, they will want the money even if it results in the closure of the account.

Insurers know fully well that when a policyholder carries cash values and closes their accounts, all the liabilities for the insurer come to an end. All premiums already paid by the policyholder are kept by the insurance company. However, they pay the customer interest earned on their investment and keep the rest to themselves.