What is an Insurance Bond?

An insurance bond is established to serve as a safeguard for individuals or organizations in case of financial loss resulting from certain situations. This coverage includes failure to fulfill contractual obligations by another party and fraud committed by an employee. Additionally, a bond represents a commitment to take financial action under specific terms, like an event or the passage of time. The form of bod refers to financial instruments issued by governments and corporations to raise funds.

What is an Insurance Bond?

Moreover, these essentially function as loan agreements, with the government or organization borrowing from investors or bondholders who act as lenders. These financial bonds outline the loan repayment terms, including interest payments and the repayment of principal at a particular time. In addition, an insurance bond serves a different purpose by offering coverage against financial setbacks or ensuring compliance. Unlike financial bonds, the cause of payment isn’t only the passage of time; it depends on the occurrence and timing of specific negative events.

How Does It Work?

An insurance bond serves as an assurance to the obligee, ensuring reimbursement when the principal didn’t fulfill contractual obligations or a service, known as a surety bond. Also, if an employee of the principal commits a crime against the obligee, such as theft, this is known as a fidelity bond.

Additionally, the principal purchases the bond from the surety and covers the cost in exchange for the surety’s assurance to cover any losses. The principal is accountable for reimbursing the insurance provider for any paid-out bonds compared to an insurance policy. An insurance bond functions as a contractual agreement involving three parties: the principal, the surety, and the obligee.


The individual who is bonded and responsible for paying the bond premium is referred to as the principal or obligor. Moreover, they must fulfill the contract as agreed upon, with ethical standards.


The guarantor or bonding company, also known as the surety, is the entity that agrees to assure the principal. Additionally, the surety guarantees that the principal will fulfill their obligations, and if it doesn’t occur, the surety pledges to assist and rectify the situation.


The individual or organization to which the principal owes the obligation, often referred to as the counterparty in the contract, may include their employer, clients, or other involved parties.

Types of Insurance Bonds

Insurance bonds come in different types, including public official bonds, license and permit bonds, fidelity bonds, and contract bonds. Each type serves a specific purpose and protects different parties involved.

Public Official Bonds

This type of bond is established to assure the performance of duties associated with a given office if they are selected. These bonds are commonly issued to individuals entrusted with handling financial matters.

There are some typical examples of public official bonds, which include:

  • Tax collector
  • Treasurer/Assistant Treasurer
  • Town clerk
  • Constable
  • Subordinate handling money

Contract Bond

A contract bond serves to ensure the fulfillment of contractual responsibility in construction projects. Additionally, there are several common examples of contract bonds, including:

Bid Bond

It assures that if you win a bid for a job, you will adhere to the bid specifications. This bond usually doesn’t incur any cost for you.

Performance Bond

It obliges the contractor to complete the project within the budget and specified timeframe. Additionally, it is often coupled with a payment bond.

Payment Bond

It offers subcontractors and vendors the assurance that they will receive payment for their contributions to the project.

License and Permit Bond

A license and permit bond is utilized to meet the regulations set forth by a government entity, such as your local municipality. However, there are various typical examples of license and permit bonds, including:

  • Professional licensure bonds (e.g., real estate, insurance, etc.)
  • Bonds for mortgage brokers or lenders
  • Notary bonds
  • Bonds for private investigators
  • Auto dealer bonds
  • Bonds for permits related to street repair, drain laying, demolition, or street opening
  • Auctioneer bonds
  • Bonds for collection agencies
  • Bonds for travel agencies

Fidelity Bond

A fidelity bond serves as a safeguard for your business against fraudulent actions carried out by your employees. There are various examples of fidelity bonds, including:

  • Employee theft or dishonesty bonds
  • Janitorial service bonds
  • ERISA (Employee Retirement Income Security Act) bonds
  • Probate or executor bonds

How Much Does an Insurance Bond Cost?

Estimating the exact cost of a bond is a bit challenging due to the differences among bond types and the several factors influencing it. In addition, the expense of a bond is based on numerous factors, such as the required bond type, industry expertise, financial stability, credit history, and others.

Generally, the cost is determined by the contract amount associated with the bond. Additionally, the bond price ranges from 0.5% to 20% of the bond’s value.

Where do I Get an Insurance Bond?

Insurance bonds can only be issued by licensed surety companies, which encompass specialized surety firms as well as numerous insurance companies. Moreover, comparing various options is right, and consulting an insurance broker is a helpful starting point in this process.

How To Get an Insurance Bond

Most individuals might want to secure insurance, but they may not know how to go about it. However, there are steps on how to get an insurance bond.

Initially, contact your insurance agency or carrier to determine the specific bond you require. Based on the type of bond, you may need to fill out either a straightforward or more comprehensive application.

In addition, prepare any requested documentation, which could include financial statements, owner resumes, bank references, and information about ongoing projects. Also, your agent will collect and process all necessary information on your behalf.

Furthermore, once you have processed it, your agent will issue the bond to you. Furthermore, it’s essential to act immediately if the bond is needed to fulfill regulatory or contractual obligations. While the process can be delayed by as little as a day, it may also take several weeks to complete.