Contractors’ All-Risks Insurance

Contractors’ all-risks (CAR) insurance is an unconventional insurance policy that covers both property damage and third-party injury. However, the primary risks encountered in construction projects. Property damage coverage includes issues such as faulty construction of structures, damage occurring during renovations, and harm to temporary on-site structures.

Contractors' All-Risks Insurance

In addition, third parties, such as subcontractors, might sustain injuries. CAR insurance not only safeguards against these associated risks but also combines them into a single policy.This type of insurance is widely utilized in construction projects related to buildings, water tanks, sewage treatment plants, flyovers, and airports.

Contractors’ All-Risks Insurance

Contractors’ All Risks Insurance serves as comprehensive coverage, including insurance for both the temporary and permanent aspects of a project. It covers the insured party’s tools, equipment, and construction machinery from unforeseen physical loss or damage caused by any event.

Additionally, the insurance incorporates third-party liability coverage, offering protection against legal liability for damages arising from the execution of the contract.

How Does Work?

The contractor and the employer can merge to secure CAR insurance policies, and other parties can be involved. In addition, multiple parties are authorized to file claims against the insurer.

Also, all involved members have the responsibility of notifying the insurer about any injuries or damages that could lead to a claim. Notably, the insurers that issue such policies forfeit the right to subrogation.

This simply means that if a company covers funds for one party in the contract, it cannot seek to reclaim those funds from another party. For instance, if the owner of a significant building and the contractor share a CAR policy, the damage caused to the building can be recovered by the owner.

However, the insurer cannot pursue reimbursement from the contractor. Additionally, a CAR insurance policy extends coverage to property losses or damages resulting from fire incidents.

How Much Does Contractors’ All-Risks Insurance Cost?

Various companies have various ways of evaluating risk and premium expenses through various considerations. Factors contributing to the cost include:

  • Worth of Contract Works
  • Nature of the project and location
  • Security level
  • Contract Length
  • Annual or project-specific insurance

Although its coverage includes a multitude of potential events, premiums tend to increase compared to less extensive policies. However, managing costs involves preventing risky events and selecting cover without additional expenses for customized extensions.

Who Needs Contractors’ All-Risks Insurance?

Any individual engaged in construction work, ranging from builders and bricklayers to plumbers and plasterers, can generally choose the contractor’s all-risk insurance. Also, businesses accountable for construction site activities are advised to consider securing a contractor’s all-risk policy.

The agreement with the client should specify the responsibilities of each party, including who is accountable for each component of the construction process. However, it is convenient for the contractor to handle this aspect, but a joint CAR policy may be preferable.

For instance, both the employer and the contractor may prefer being named under the same policy. Also, there’s an alternative to including finance providers, such as banks or individual investors.

In such situations, all named parties have the right to make claims against the insurance policy if damages or injuries affect their interests in the project.

Types of Parties in Contractors’ All-Risks Insurance

Contractor all-risk insurance policies commonly select multiple parties as insured companies, particularly those with a financial stake in the project. It’s crucial to note that these policies aim to restore the insured parties to their financial state before the occurrence of loss or damage.

Meanwhile, main contractors, principals, and financiers are typical inclusions; sub-contractors and suppliers can also be included.

Public Liability insurance

Public liability insurance covers property damage but requires proof of negligence for coverage. To safeguard against a range of risks that may damage ongoing work, contractors ‘all-risk’ insurance is important.

This includes threats like fire, theft, vandalism, storms, and floods. Notably, the risks triggering a claim aren’t explicitly defined under an ‘all-risk’ policy.

Annual or project-specific insurance

Contract work insurance can be structured either annually or project-specifically. The decision to choose a project-specific policy usually depends on the project’s structure, and either a principal or financier names the policy.

Typically, these alternatives may not be accessible within a packaged contractor all-risk policy but are offered through a standalone contract work policy.

What Does Contractors’ All-Risks Insurance Cover?

CAR coverage has the flexibility to extend its protection to various stakeholders, including manufacturers, suppliers, contractors, and subcontractors involved in a construction project.

Moreover, the policy has a wide range of coverage for events such as:

  • Extra custom duty
  • Air transport
  • Damage to surrounding property
  • Removal of debris
  • Earthquake
  • Escalation
  • Loss due to breakage of glass
  • Maintenance visits

Furthermore, CAR policies are customized, which include losses due to delays in project startup caused by another insured loss. For instance, if a structure covered by CAR insurance sustains damage, the policy may cover the losses by opening the property while the repairs are underway.

What Doesn’t Contractors’ All-Risks Insurance Cover?

While all-risk insurance offers extensive coverage, there are certain exclusions highlighted in the insurance contract. Common exclusions from all-risk insurance include:

Professional Indemnity Insurance

This type of insurance, safeguarding against mistakes and carelessness in advice, design, or physical works, is not covered by all-risk insurance.

D&O Insurance (Directors and Officers Insurance)

It covers directors and officers against civil, regulatory, or criminal events resulting from decisions and actions that are not part of all-risk insurance coverage.

Defective Workmanship

All-risk insurance does not cover issues related to defective workmanship. For protection against this, a separate structural warranty is necessary.

Wear and tear

Damages from cosmetic or mechanical failure of tools should be covered by the manufacturer’s warranty and not by all-risk insurance.

Preventable Damages

Claiming under all-risk insurance is possible after proving that necessary precautions were taken to avoid or prevent damages that later occurred.

Loss of Profit

Insurers do not cover financial losses resulting from extended project timelines, redesigns, or other changes made during the project.

International Work

The applicability of all-risk insurance to international projects is contingent on the policy specifying which countries it covers. It does not automatically extend coverage to work conducted overseas.

Understanding these exclusions is crucial for policyholders to ensure they have comprehensive coverage for their specific needs. Also, consider extra insurance types that are necessary.


Although a Contractor All-Risk (CAR) ‘all-risk’ policy offers various covers for the construction industry, it’s essential for your business to explore additional insurance policies. To address your specific business requirements, we recommend consulting with one of our knowledgeable construction insurance brokers.